2014/10/24

How Optical Sights Are Being Made?




Remember a few days ago we saw an abandoned place full of optical sights? Now we have optical sights for guns again but this time its not abandoned and they are not made yet. We will see how those are being manufactured and assembled. Might be pretty interesting inside, thanks to Aslan who has visited a highly secured production line of this Russian factory specializing in the long range aiming optics. Normal people are not allowed there with a camera but he went and made those photos! So let’s see, that should be interesting:









This factory is situated on the closed circuit territory belonging to an army factory. The soldiers on the checkpoint didn’t want him even to take the camera inside, but he managed to come thru the security.



So let’s get down to the business. This is a glass cube. Those glass cubes are used to produce the lens – the essential part of the sight.



Some of them arrive from China. Workers on the plant told Aslan that before the quality of Chinese glass was pretty bad, but lately it got better.



Why do you use Chinese glass when we have Russian glass, asked Aslan.


Because Russian glass is three times more expensive, was the reply. Of course it’s not a regular glass but some specially chemically enhanced glass. Russian glass comes in this large cubes you see on the photo.



So they cut pieces out the cubes – like this.









Luxury Bulletproof Vests


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Do you know what are those? I mean do you think this is some sort of stylish suite and some crazy colored vest? Oh yes, you might have read the title: those are the the bullet proof vests that Moscow institute of steel manufactures for the people who wanna party but stay protected from somebody with a gun. One more shot inside:








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I am not sure about the price and actual weight but visually those can easily be mistaken for the regular vests people use to protect them from the cold. Look how thin are those. Ok their site says that they weight around 2.5 kg (or around 5 lbs) which is pretty light and can be used and the normal casual daily wear. They say that those are not made of steel or any other metal but rather of some new high-tech polyethylene fiber fabric and can be called “CLASS 2″ protection which means they can withstand a shot from a hand gun. And of course can protect from the knife attack. Also they can be washed as you wash your normal cloths.


Might be a useful thing for some type of people probably.




Russian Parliament Bans Symbols of Nazi Collaborator Organizations


MOSCOW, October 24 (RIA Novosti) - The Russian State Duma adopted in the third reading on Friday a law banning the propaganda or public demonstration of symbols of organizations that collaborated with Nazis or are in denial of the rulings made at the Nuremberg Trial.


The new amendments expand the list of organizations, whose symbols are banned in Russia, to include those that collaborated with fascist organizations and movements or are cooperating with the international or foreign organizations or their representatives, that deny the Judgment of the Nuremberg tribunal or other verdicts passed on during the World War II.


According to the document, those demonstrating the symbols of such organizations in public will face the fine of up to 50,000 rubles (about $1,200). The maximum penalty for the organizations, using such symbols to produce goods for sale of propaganda purposes will reach $2,400.


Deputy Speaker of Russian State Duma, and one of the bill's authors, Sergei Zheleznyak noted that next year the world will celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Nazi Germany's defeat, but nowadays one can see neo-Nazism becoming popular in Ukraine and several other countries. According to Zheleznyak, this is an attempt to glorify war criminals guilty of killing dozens of people and it is even becoming state ideology.


Zheleznyak stressed that Russia's aim is to lead the global anti-fascist movement. He added that the current events in Ukraine are unfolding with the connivance of some international organizations, including those referring to themselves as protectors of human rights , as well as with the connivance of the governments and people of many foreign countries.


Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA), formed in 1942, is among the most known organizations that corroborated with fascists. In 1943 UPA pledged to aid Third Reich in exchange for promises to allow the creation of an Independent Ukrainian state. During the WWII the Ukrainian nationalists killed 850,000 Jews, 220,000 Poles, over 400,000 Soviet prisoners of war and 500,000 Ukrainian civilians.



Russia Ready to Cooperate With Kiev, Red Cross on Donbas Humanitarian Aid: UN Envoy


UNITED NATIONS, October 24 (RIA Novosti) – Russia is ready to cooperate with the Ukrainian authorities and the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) on humanitarian aid delivery to southeastern Ukraine, Russian Ambassador to the United Nations Vitaly Churkin said Friday.


Speaking at the UN Security Council meeting, Churkin underscored the "heavy plight of the Donetsk and Luhansk regions' population, to which we will continue to provide the urgently needed humanitarian aid."


"We are ready to cooperate in it with the Ukrainian authorities and the International Committee of the Red Cross, but we will not let obstruction take place," he added.


Since August, Russia has sent three so-called "humanitarian convoys" of trucks, carrying food, water, power generators, medication and warm clothes to eastern Ukraine's Luhansk. Germany also sent 112 trucks with humanitarian aid to Ukraine in early October.


The Ukrainian government has demanded Moscow stop sending convoys to the embattled regions.


Armed confrontation between the Ukrainian authorities and forces of self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People's republics killed over 3,700 since April, according to the latest UN estimates. In September, the sides reached a ceasefire agreement, brokered by Russia and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe during the talks in Minsk.



Putin Rules Out Return to Totalitarianism in Russia


SOCHI, October 24 (RIA Novosti) - Russia will never become a totalitarian state again because it would leave the country without prospects of evolutionary development, President Vladimir Putin said Friday.


"We have no desire to return to our totalitarian past, not because we are afraid of something, but because I am deeply convinced that it would be a dead-end development for Russian society," Putin said at closing meeting of the Valdai Discussion Club in the Russian Black Sea Resort of Sochi.


Answering a journalist's question about Western criticism of the situation with democracy in Russia, Putin said that instruments of democracy must reflect, in the first place, the current state of social and political development in the country.


Western politicians and media repeatedly stated that Russia is sliding towards a totalitarian regime – a claim denied by Russian politicians.


The figures of the Russian Public Opinion Research Center (VCIOM) poll conducted earlier this year showed that seven out of ten Russians believe that the order, including political and economic stability and full compliance with the law, is currently more important for the country than democracy.



Putin Hopes for Settlement of Gas Dispute With Ukraine Next Week


SOCHI, October 24 (RIA Novosti) - Russian President Vladimir Putin expressed hope on Friday that a temporary agreement to end a long-running gas dispute with Ukraine would be reached as early as next week.


Russia and Ukraine are expected to hold the final round of talks, mediated by the European Commission, in Brussels on October 29 to resolve the standoff over Ukraine's unpaid gas bills and the price Kiev will pay for Russian gas supplies during the upcoming winter.


"I sincerely hope that the gas problem will be resolved very soon," Putin said at the meeting of the Valdai Discussion Club in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi.


"Russia will never be a cause of any crisis [related to gas supplies]. We will strictly and timely respect all our commitments on gas supplies in line with existing contracts," Putin said.


Earlier on Friday, the Russian president and German Chancellor Angela Merkel discussed the importance of reaching an agreement on the gas issues on October 29 and expressed hope that the forthcoming meeting would bring results, according to the Kremlin press service.


The gas dispute between Russia and Ukraine became especially acute when Russian energy giant Gazprom switched Ukraine to a prepayment system for gas supplies in June over Ukraine's gas debt of more than $5 billion.


In September, Russia and the European Commission proposed the so-called winter package, according to which Ukraine should pay $3.1 billion of its debt to Russia by the end of the year in exchange for gas deliveries during the winter period. Following the trilateral Russia-Ukraine-EU talks in Brussels on October 21, Ukraine had agreed to the temporary price of $385 per 1,000 cubic meters of gas during winter.



Putin: Western Sanctions Aimed at Isolating Russia Over Ukraine Futile


SOCHI, October 24 (RIA Novosti) - The West has targeted Russia for sanctions to isolate it and hamper its development, but the world has moved on since the times of the Cold War, and a goal like this can no longer be achieved, Russia's President Vladimir Putin said Friday.


"Of course, sanctions disturb us. These sanctions are aimed to do harm, block our development and lead to our isolation in politics, economy and culture – in one word, to cause backwardness. However, as I have already said and want to emphasize it again, the world has seen fundamental changes," Putin said at the Valdai Discussion Forum in the Russian city of Sochi.


The Russian leader stressed that Moscow was not going to "take offense" at countries that had been forced to join the Western bloc in imposing anti-Russia sanctions and "distance itself from the world", and said the country was still open for dialogue.


"We are not going to distance ourselves from the world and choose self-sufficiency. We are always open to dialogue on the normalization of economic relations. Here we count on a pragmatic approach of business communities of major world powers," he said.


Putin vowed that Russia would maintain its business ties with the West amid allegations that it was "turning away from Europe" in search for more lucrative deals in Asia. He admitted Russia was now interested in forging a stronger partnership with Asian-Pacific economies, but said this would not happen at the expense of European markets.


The Russian leader cautioned, however, that sanctions against Russia were "a mistake that harms everyone."


The president emphasized the threat that Western sanctions posed to the WTO rules that underlie world trade. These restrictions undermine the very fundamentals of world trade, such as inviolability of private property and liberal model of globalization, he maintained.


"Sanctions are already undermining the fundamentals of world trade and WTO rules, inviolability of private property and liberal model of globalization rooted in the market, freedom and competition, the model of which Western countries are the main beneficiaries. Now they are at risk of losing the trust as leaders of globalization. So, why did they do it?" Putin said, adding that "the trust is being broken."


He emphasized that the global business community was subject to an unprecedented pressure from the western governments, vying to isolate Russia over its take on the origins of the Ukrainian crisis.


"There can be no business, economic efficiency and pragmatism, when a state is threatened, a free world is threatened, democracy is threatened," the president warned.


At the same time, US-led sanctions had backlashed at Washington and compromised the trust of investors and foreign holders of US dollars, Putin pointed out.


"The well-being of the United States hinges on the trust of its investors and foreign dollar and bond holders. This trust has been effectively undermined. Many countries have been showing signs of disappointment in the outcome of the globalization…" the Russian president explained.


"It does look like our American colleagues have been sawing off the branch they are sitting on. You cannot mix politics and economy, but that's exactly what they've been doing," Putin noted.


He said, however, that even economic curbs had their silver lining in that they encouraged countries to seek economic and financial sovereignty.


"The infamous 'Cyprus precedent', the politically-motivated sanctions only strengthened the shift towards economic and financial sovereignty [and] efforts by states or regional [state] unions to protect themselves against the risks of external pressure one way or another," Putin said.


The Russian president noted that already more and more countries were attempting to end their dependence on the dollar, and create alternative financial systems and reserve currencies.


Over the past few months, the West has been trying to damage Russia's economy by imposing sanctions against the country over its alleged role in Ukrainian crisis. The sanctions target Russia's largest banks, energy and defense companies, as well as some individuals. As a result, Russia's economy showed a minor slowdown.


Speaking at the Sochi forum, Vladimir Putin said that the crisis in Ukraine was not "the primary cause", but rather the fallout of deteriorating international relations.


"This crisis led to the deterioration of international relations, but it's not the primary cause. The Ukrainian crisis itself resulted from unbalanced international relations," the president said.


He confessed that the Kremlin had initially led what he called a "civilized discussion" over Ukraine's association agreement with the European Union, but its arguments had been ignored and Ukraine ended up in chaos.


"We have been conducting a civilized discussion on all issues connected with the association of Ukraine with the European Union… And, instead of a hard, but, I will stress again, civilized dialogue, the situation has been driven to a coup; the country has been plunged into chaos, and economic and social turmoil, into a civil war with massive casualties," the Russian leader said.


Putin stressed the ensuing "internal instability" in Ukraine had snowballed to affect international stability, and could potentially tip the balance of power. He also warned that crises in the countries that lie at the junctions of bigger nations' geopolitical interests tended to have a fallout effect on the rest of the world.


"The threat is represented not only by multinational conflicts, but also by the internal instability in separate states, especially in countries located at the intersections of geopolitical interests of large states or on the border of cultural, historic, economic, civilizational continents. Ukraine is one of the examples of such sorts of conflicts, affecting international power balance, and I think it is hardly the last one," Putin emphasized.


The Russian leader was speaking at the 11th conference of the Valdai Discussion Forum in the Russian Black Sea resort of Sochi. Valdai unites leading Russian and international experts in history, politics, economics and international relations. Established in 2004, the club seeks to foster a global dialogue about Russia and to provide an independent, unbiased, scholarly analysis of political, economic and social processes in Russia and the world.



Putin: Attempts to Stop Russia's Economic Progress Futile


SOCHI, October 24 (RIA Novosti) - Development of Russian economy will steadily continue despite Western economic sanctions as this process is impossible to stop, Russian President Vladimir Putin said Friday.


"Our economy was third [in the world] last year in terms of direct foreign investment after the United States and China," Putin said at the meeting of the Valdai Discussion Club in the Russian Black Sea Resort of Sochi.


"These so-called sanctions, as well as a play with various ratings, may change this situation, but I would like to emphasize that the development [of Russian economy] continues, and nothing will stop it," Putin said.


Earlier today, addressing the issues of western sanctions imposed against Moscow, Putin noted that in a bid to punish Russia, the United States is undermining investors' trust in dollar and pushing a number of nations to switch to other reserve currencies, or create alternative financial and banking systems. The Russian leader also said that the western restrictions undermine the fundamentals of world trade.


In mid-October, addressing the same matter, Putin warned the Western businesses of losing their place on Russian markets.


The United States and their allies have imposed several rounds of sanctions against Russia over its alleged involvement in the Ukrainian crisis, a claim Moscow has repeatedly denied. The restrictive measures target major Russian oil and defense companies as well as financial institutions.


Amid Western sanctions, the Russian government has been working on developing an import substitution program and strengthening cooperation with Latin America and Asia Pacific.


According to Putin, Russia has enough resources to meet state budget expenditures regardless of global political and economic trends.